Civil engineering researchers wanted to come up with a more accurate way to talk about impacts, so they focused on a storm's expected economic damage.
Battery storage in the Dominican Republic helped that island grid survive a hurricane. Puerto Rico was a different story.
Land surveyors define boundary lines and establish land maps by determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them. There are two basic surveying methods and the method used is dictated by the size of the area to be defined.